It is the hands I begin to notice in paintings of the Disputation. Yes, you’ll see hands in many paintings of course. But in Disputation paintings they point and counter-point, in their making of points. In the Liebermann work, hands express and clasp (above and far below) In the Holman Hunt (below) they blend pointing and counter-pointing into a naturalistic scenario. It would be interesting to learn about the terms of debate here. What were they? What are they? In the original story in the New Testament book of Luke, there is no dispute. The elders are simply “amazed” at the twelve year old. The dispute, such as it was (and is) was to come later.